LONG LANCE The medicine-man^ himself, has always chosen his own successor. He chooses a boy about twelve or thirteen years old, for the training which he must go through is a long and tedious course., extending over some ten or fifteen years. The medicine-man picks out some youth in the tribe who has shown extraordinary qualities of the mind and body and in the spiritual realm—especially a boy who is a leader among his playmates, who 'gets things' easily and who has a keen under- standing of human nature. He goes to this boy's parents and asks their permission to take him away with him and train him for a medicine-man. Since this is about the highest honour that can befall a young Indian^ the parents are proud to hand the boy over to him. The medicine-man then takes the boy away with him and remains away about six months. He takes him into the wilderness of the Rocky Mountains or out to some secluded spot on the vast sea of the plains, and there during the long months of his first trip,, he instructs the boy In the primary secrets of his mysterious cult. The first step in the course of training Is to teach the boy to make his mind stronger than his physi- cal side—to make his mind master of his body, as it were. This is accomplished by making him go without food for many days at a time and under- go voluntary physical torture without flinching.